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Onion's Computer Building Guide: Processor, RAM and Coolers

Posted by OnionKnight, 20 March 2010 · 641 views

Processor

How to choose a Processor?

For choosing a Processor, the main deciding factors will usually be its:
  • CPU rating ( I use http://www.cpubenchmark.net/ )
  • Number of cores
  • Number of physical CPU's (a single dual core or quad core is still 1 CPU. Most Processors only have 1)
  • Price

The processor you choose will either be an AMD or Intel brand. Which one you should choose? Well in the end it all comes down to your price range of course =P. If you want to go for a cheap gaming rig, you will probably end up with AMD, since they are more affordable. If you want very high end rig gaming rig, it will probably be Intel since their latest processors have the best performance. If you want the latest gaming rig, I suggest you go for a quad core processor.

Installing the Processor:

Installing the Processor takes you around 30 seconds to do. In is not a complicated process so don't worry :lol:

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Step 1: Release the lever of CPU Socket on the motherboard (where my finger is pointing). Just press down on it and the lever will shoot upwards

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Step 2: If you look on the Processor you will see that in one corner the connectors are missing. Your CPU socket will have a corner with missing sockets. Place the Processor in such a way that the side with missing connectors is on top of the side with missing sockets.

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Step 3: The processor should just fall flat into the socket. You do not ever push the processor into the socket or you will get bent connectors. If it does not fall flat, it means that you lined it up incorrectly. Refer back to step 2.

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Step 4: Then push down the lever and the Processor will be clamped in place.

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CPU Coolers

How to choose your CPU Cooler?

There are a variety of CPU coolers to choose from. You can either use the stock cooler which came with your processor or a third party cooler. If you are a first time computer builder, I suggest you to just use the stock cooler.

Some third party coolers will perform better than the stock cooler and some will perform worse. Temperature wise a lot will depend on your motherboard, overclock settings and case cooling. Usually the more bigger the heat sink, fans size and the number of cooling pipes should determine the cooling ability. But that is actually not always the case. A lot of it has to do with how it is set up and the materials being used. Here are some suggested CPU coolers from me:

Posted Image Coolermaster Hyper 212 Plus $30 -AM2/AM3 or LGA1366/LGA775/LGA1156 - 4 Direct Touch Heatpipes and a 120 mm fan. Support dual fans

Posted Image Arctic Cooling Freezer 7 Pro REV.2 $30 - AM2/AM3 or LGA1366/LGA1156/LGA775 - 3 Heat sinks and a 92MM Fan. Suitable for smaller cases.



Installing the CPU cooler

Step 1 (OPTIONAL): Apply Thermal Paste ONLY FOR THIRD PARTY COOLERS

If you plan to use the cooler that came with your CPU, do not do this step !!! Stock coolers already have a firm layer of thermal paste at the bottom of it

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Start by putting a pea sized droplet of thermal compound in the center of your Processor. Then spread it evenly across the processor using a business card or a Q-tip (I did my old comp with a business card lol). Add thermal compound as needed, remember your goal is to get a very thin layer on your Processor. Do not get any on your motherboard !

Step 2: Mount the Cooler (can be challenging :) )

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Mount the cooler on top of the Processor in such a way that the "clips" on the side of the cooler matches with the "nubs" on the motherboard.

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To make it snap in place you will have to pull the clip over the nub for one side and then do the same thing on the other side. The lever on the CPU cooler must be standing up when you do this. After both sides are snapped in, pull down the lever so the cooler gets locked in place.

Step 3:: Plug in the fan

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Now just plug in the 4 pin fan connector into the fan slot on your motherboard.

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RAM:

Choosing your RAM:


You already know the type of ram your going to choose. Its either DDR2 or DDR3 and please choose the one that is compatible with your motherboard.

Somethings about ram you should know is the DDR3-XXXX. The XXXX is the maximum speed the ram can run at. If you are overclocking your cpu, your ram will automatically be clocked up. When overclocking make sure you increase the volts for stability, but no further than the maximum amount designated (it is printed on the box or manual).

Also ram latency is also printed (something like 6-6-6-18). To be honest you should worry too much about the latency. Tests show that latency would only increase the performance of your ram by 2-5%. The price you would have to pay for lower latency isn't worth it.

Some brands of RAM I suggest: Patriot (my prefered choice), Corsair and G.SKILL


Installing your RAM:

Extremely straightforward. All you have to do it line up the ram in the slot. Press down and watch the side clips snap in.


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Nice.. Onion i have set up Digg links back.. you can directly publish your blog on Digg using that. :) You are getting good in write ups.

Nice.. Onion i have set up Digg links back.. you can directly publish your blog on Digg using that. :) You are getting good in write ups.


Ty =). To be honest i never used Digg before but i'll give it a go =D. Also one more blog to go then I am done my computer building guide XD.
http://digg.com/d31MFRk

http://digg.com/

I digged for you :P You can submit directly from next time. :)

http://digg.com/d31MFRk

http://digg.com/

I digged for you :P You can submit directly from next time. :)


Ty so much =D

Nice details!


Lol some of it. I didn't have a regular fan cooler for my old computer (it was just a hunk of metal), so the pics i used were from the maximum PC website. I am almost done now =). Last one to go. Then i will finished my building a computer blog and post a tutorial linking it XD.

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