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Tutorial info Visit support topic

  • Added on: Oct 31 2014 04:20 PM
  • Date Updated: Oct 31 2014 04:26 PM
  • Views: 511
 


OS Freeze`s

freeze, crash operative systems xp,vista,7,8,etc

Posted by Night Hunter on Oct 31 2014 04:20 PM
THIS TUTORIAL gonna be extense il gonna give tips,advices,solutions for the next operative systems

-Windows XP
-Windows Vista
-Windows 7
-Windows 8

---First---WINDOWS XP&Windows Vista------

1
The first thing you need to understand is that a computer freezing can be either caused from a incompatible
or malfunctioning piece of hardware, or from a software conflict. We will need to figure out which one.


1-Click 'Start' hit 'Run' and in the Run dialog box type 'eventvwr'
then hit enter. This will open windows event viewer. Now click "application".
A long list of events will pop up in the window. Scroll through this list looking for anything marked with a red stop sign.
Once you find these right click on them and select properties.
This will give you a general idea of what programs are running into trouble. Write these programs down.


2-Run a virus scan. Viruses are usually the culprits behind random errors, freezing, and crashing.
How to run a virus scan depends on what anti-virus software you have,
but basically you select drive C: and/or other disks (especially hard disks)
that you suspect to have a virus, and click a button to activate the scan.


3-Uninstall programs you no longer need. Unnecessary programs may not seem like much
, but some of them do run idly in the background, and this takes up memory. To uninstall a program, enter the control
panel and click "Add/Remove Programs," select the program you want to uninstall, and click "Change/Remove".
You can also insert the installation CD and select uninstall,
or look for a file something like "uninstall.exe" in the program files.



4-You need to update the programs that are giving you trouble. Check online with the software's maker to see
if a new version or patch is available.


5-After you are done updating your software reboot your PC into safe mode.
To do this just tap the f8 key several times while your computer is booting up until a menu appears.
Select Safe Mode from the option using your keyboard.


6-Once in safe mode run your antivirus program.
This will hopefully eliminate any virus that might not otherwise be able to be removed in normal mode.


7-Leave your computer on for an extended period in safe mode.
If your computer freezes in safe mode then the problem is most likely hardware and you will need to see a trained
technician. If not then you have determined that the problem is software related.


8-If your PC has not frozen in safe mode then reboot into normal mode.
Disable your screensaver and any power saver modes you may have running. Once again let your computer run for an extended
period to see if you have fixed the problem.

9If the problem persists then you should start by removing your antivirus program. Many times this can be the root of your
problem. If this does clear up the problem then install a new antivirus program. Also consider removing any programs
that you may have recently installed.


10-Run your windows update to make sure everything is current. At this stage if you are still having problems then it may be time to bring your PC
in to have the hard drive formatted and windows reinstalled.

11 -Close some applications. Do you always minimize programs rather than close them? Don't worry about that picture
you have open, it won't go away after you close it. That web browser, just bookmark the page or save the process
(saving if you have FireFox). Save what you want to save, and close the windows quickly before you decide you want them
open (you should know that to close a program you click the little "x" in the upper right corner of the window,
there is a more efficient way of doing this without using the mouse...
press ALT+F4 to close the window, ALT+TAB to navigate through open windows).


12-Use the scheduled maintenance tool. U
nder the "accessories" folder in the start menu there is a folder called system tools.
This program will help schedule disk cleanups, disk defragmentations, and more.
They all help with keeping your computer's performance at the optimum. Note that in Windows XP it is called
"Task Scheduler".

13-Delete any files you no longer need. This helps if you do it before defragmenting your disk, since there are fewer files for the defragmenter to move. Select the file(s) you want to delete,
and press the "delete" key, or right click and click "delete".


14-Use the scheduled maintenance tool. Under the "accessories" folder in the start menu there is a folder called system tools.
Depending on your version of Windows, there is a program with a name along the lines of "Maintenance Schedule Wizard.
" This program will help schedule disk cleanups, disk defragmentations, and more.
15-They all help with keeping your computer's performance at the optimum.
Note that in Windows XP it is called "Task Scheduler".

16-Defragment your hard disk. Click START>PROGRAMS>ACCESSORIES>SYSTEM TOOLS>DISK DEFRAGMENTER.
Follow the onscreen instructions and choose the C: drive. If you're wondering what this does,
think if it this way: When you use your computer, files must be opened on your computer, then closed.
When files are moved or deleted, they jump around on the part of the disk physically. Eventually the files are scattered
everywhere, and it takes your computer longer to find them. By defragmenting your hard drive, you put all of the files
close together again, and it's easier for the computer to find them. Defragmenting your drive may take anywhere from ten
minutes
to several hours depending on the size of the disk and the number of files.

17-Clean up your registry. Find a registry cleaner or clean it manually.
Don't clean it manually if you aren't comfortable changing important system settings.
Also try using disk cleanup from the start menu under system tools. This folder can be found
in accessories.

18-Format your disk and reinstall your operating system. Be sure to back up your data,
for everything on your hard disk will be deleted.

19-Install/change to another Operative system to check if problems persist..

20-Open up your computer case and dust it out. Dust can make even the best computers run slowly. Unscrew the screws on the side of the case, remove large pieces of hardware and tie down cables,
and start vacuuming out dust. Be careful not to suck in any jumpers, pins,
wires, etc. You may find it necessary to start removing hardware to access other hardware.
Be sure to dust out the heat sync and other fans.
If you don't feel comfortable doing so, contact a tech-savvy friend or simply use an air-can.
Don't worry too much, it's large amounts of dust that will cause real problems.
While you're in the computer, check the heat sync to see if it is faulty. T
his can cause any operating system to freeze, especially the higher NT versions of Windows.
Although the above suggests a vacuum cleaner to dust out a computer, there is a risk of static discharge. It isn't recommended that you do this if you are uncomfortable. Instead, try using an air duster. For removable fans, take them out and CAREFULLY clean them.

21-Buy or build another computer. Maybe not the solution you were looking for, but this is probably
the best alternative if your computer fails to function properly after so much work. Remember that computers
aren't designed to last a long time, most last about 2 to 5 years before hardware issues start showing up
(this is not related to the Windows installation,
which will usually last you about six months to a year on low maintenance).

----WINDOWS 7------Windows 8----

-Remove unused programs

-Install and run antispyware software
-check your pc requiriments

-Free up wasted space with Disk Cleanup tool

-Defragment your hard disk drive

-Disconnect unused network connections:

Click Start, and then click My Computer.

On the Tools menu, click Disconnect Network Drive.

Select the network drives that you no longer need, and then click OK.

ALSO

Click Start - Run, type in %temp% and then click OK.

Once that temp folder is open and you can view its contents, select and delete EVERYTHING that's inside it.

It's all junk and is a good place for "nasties" to hide.

If a few files resist being deleted, that's normal. Leave them alone and delete EVERYTHING else.

Repeat the steps with c:\windows\temp

-Check the temperature of your videocard,CPU,etc

-check your memory RAM you can use RAM tester,etc
or try this

-Go to Start menu Search and type Memory Diagnostic. Hit Enter to open the tool
A dialog box would appear, with a couple of options on it
Restart now and check for problems, would reboot immediately and run start diagnosing
Check for problems the next time I start my computer will wait until you restart it on your own
In both the cases, the diagnostic tool will scan the memory and detect errors, if any
If the session does not let you carry out any activity and crashes instinctively,
Restart your PC, keep pressing F8 key continuously, until you see Advanced Boot Options
Choose Safe Mode with Command Prompt among these options to open a black screen
Type the command line mdsched and hit Enter key
Click the option to restart and run memory diagnostic test
In case, the by memory diagnostic tool detects errors on your memory, you would have to replace your memory device.

-Hard Drive Errors – Check Disk Utility
Hard disk drives are composed of small storage components called its sectors. If some of these sectors go corrupted or witness errors, it can cause frequent and annoying Crashes/Freezes. Use Check Disk Utility to react accordingly.
Go to Computer, right click your system drive, and access its Properties
Go to Tools tab, and under the Error-checking option, click Check now button
On the next screen, check both options and click Start button to initiate scanning process
The tool will offer to scan on next restart, as the drive is still in use
Click Schedule disk check button
The tool will examine drive, detecting errors and bad sectors and try to fix them automatically,
If you cannot boot in windows normally, boot with Advanced Boot Options
Choose Safe Mode with Command Prompt among the options to open a black screen
Type the command line CHKDSK /F C: (replace C with the system drive letter) and press Enter key
Confirm by typing Y and pressing Enter, and the test will start scanning your drive
If Check Disk successfully finds errors but fails to fix them, your hard disk is unusable and needs to be replaced.

-Corrupted System Files – System File Checker utility
There are certain system files, which are essential to sustain a login session until the users logout their selves. If any of these system files is lost or does not respond accordingly, the login session may get stuck or cease unintentionally.
Open Start menu Search and type cmd in the search box.
Locate cmd in the search results, right click it, and Run as administrator
Reply with Yes if prompted
In Command Prompt, type SFC /SCANNOW and press Enter key
The scan will start, displaying the activity progress in percentage
If you cannot boot in windows normally, boot with Advanced Boot Options
Choose Safe Mode with Command Prompt among the options and repeat the above steps.
How to Fix Freezing Windows 7 Issues
Please wait until the scan completes and the errors are fixed automatically.

-Viral Infection – Scanning and Removing Virus
Viruses are likely to conflict with your overall system operations and influence them to malfunction. These malfunctions usually result in System Crash or System Freeze. As a reaction, please carry out the following steps.
Go to Start screen Search, type Task Manager and press Enter key to open it
On the Processes tab, close down suspected application process (normally a combination of random characters) by selecting it and clicking on End Process button
Now launch your antivirus program if you have one and update to latest definitions
Run a Full Scan of your PC
If the virus(es) does not let you to do so, restart into Advance Boot Options
Choose Safe Mode among the options to boot with minimum required processes and services
Start your antivirus application in Safe mode and run a scan
It will probably detect the viruses on your computer. Click to remove these viruses
Install an alternate antivirus program and scan your drives once again
Fix the infections found
Restart your computer into the normal mode
Update your antivirus utility and streng then it against latest threats to your PC.
When you have applied each one of the above activities, you should not come across to any crashes and freezes, hereafter. Perform maintenance checks on routine basis to keep your PC free of troubles.

THE SAME LIKE XP AND VISTA ^^
||

-----------------Windows 8----------


-keep Windows Updated at the last version of your windows


-Disable all third-party apps from the startup. In Windows 8.1, use Task Manager to see what you had in the startup list:

-Update your drivers or uninstall some buggy driver

-All drivers for your hardware should be correctly installed and you should use the latest available drivers for your hardware. If you don't know where to get drivers, check on Windows Update. If you don't find drivers on Windows Update,
search for the manufacturer's website and download them. I
nstall them using Device Manager and see if that helps. If you recently installed a new device driver
and started experiencing hangs or crashes, enable the Last Known Good Configuration feature, restart Windows and restore
your last stable hardware configuration.

If a new driver gives you problems, you can also press Rollback Driver from Device Manager to revert to an earlier
stable version of the driver. Try to diagnose your drivers to see if one of them is the cause of freezes..

-Enter the Safe mode of Windows 8.1
In the command prompt, type

mmc.exe C:\Windows\system32\devmgmt.msc

This will open Device Manager.

Check the drivers of the following devices:
Audio card (shown under Sound, Video and Game Controllers in Device Manager)
WiFi/Network cards (shown under Network adapters)
Card reader
Video card (Display adapters)Expand the device category and then right click on the device in Device Manager and choose 'Properties' from its context menu. Switch to the 'Driver' tab and try to disable the device and then boot into the normal session to see if it helps. If you are sure that you have all the necessary drivers,
then you can also try to uninstall the problematic driver.

-as already i said check malware,Malware can definitely cause hangs or crashes.
Install a good, free anti-malware such as Avast, Avira or AVG.
Avoid relying on Microsoft Security Essentials are it doesn't protect you 100% against all kinds of threats.
After installing a good anti-malware, scan your system to make sure it is clean.

-Check the Event Logs
Windows maintains a log of all events on the system called the Event Log. Start Event Viewer (EventVwr.exe)
from Administrative Tools and expand the Windows Logs category. Check the System log and Application log for any
serious errors that may be causing Windows to hang or crash.When you open the System Log or Application Log, you can use filtering to hide events which are 'Information' and 'Audit'. Right click the System Log and set up filtering to show only Errors and Warnings so you can narrow down the problem. Events are usually sorted by time and date so check for the most recent events
in the System log and Application log to determine what may have caused the hang.

-Open the Control Panel (see all the possible ways to open Control Panel in Windows 8.1)
and go to the Control Panel\System and Security. Click the Troubleshoot common computer problems link under the
Action Center.The Troubleshooting item will be opened. Run the 'System and Security' item.Click the 'System Maintenance' item:
The 'System Maintenance' wizard will appear on the screen. Click 'Advanced' and allow it to run as Administrator to increase the chances of the issue being fixed.


Its all for now any feed back or suggestion as always im open it for it thanks for watching and for your time contact me via pm if you dont find it your solutions or for other reason ,etc

Again thanks....