Well guys, I'd tell you a fact, that happened 29 years ago in Argentina. Here marks the day of the "Fallen"from the Falklands war.
It is a very important date for all Argentines, as they remember those brave young men who fought for his country and remained there, unable to return. Why it happen?
The fundamental cause of armed conflict occurred between Argentina and England in 1982, goes back to the usurpation of the British Isles in 1833. In that year, it expelled the local population, and replaced by another, called "kelpers."
Sterility claims Argentine diplomats
For almost one hundred and fifty years, the demands constant diplomatic Argentina produces no concrete results. The conflict had advances and setbacks, but was never expected recognition for our country. For many years in Argentina provided important elements for survival of the population living in the Islands, with the aim of gaining their trust and goodwill, without visible results.
One of the reasons why the conflict was not before, has to do with the special relationship between Argentina and Britain since the independence of our country with Spain. That relationship was marked by economic complementarity, where Argentina was the "breadbasket of the world" - as a popular phrase of the time - and Britain provided manufacturing. The sale of meat, hides and grains from our country, established a relationship of dependency with its main buyer, England. Several generations of Argentines were educated in the admiration of the British Empire. All this was cut after the Second World War, when on the scene the United States of America as a major Western power. England will lose power and retreated, leaving the former colonies. These are the years of decolonization in India, China, South American countries.
In the 60's, England produces its "green revolution" that is, begins to use its territory to source raw materials, increasingly relying less on imports, which reduces drastically compared to earlier this century.
In this way, will produce a gradual distancing, which allows the stress Argentina claims sovereignty over the Malvinas Islands.
Also the last reason:
Like all important fact of history, this latest crackdown Argentina, begun in 1976, has produced changes in the thinking of our society.
Both the military as Peronism, failed to take into account the guarantees to which every human being has the right, even in the most terrible states of emergency.
So much so that the right to life, personal integrity, the process not to suffer inhumane conditions of detention and not suffer from an act of denial of justice and / or summary execution, were violated in a systematic manner by the repression.
In 1973, Perón once again assumed the government of our country, and even knowing that he had very little time, joined as Vice President Isabel Peron his electoral formula, who did not belong to political and not had the ability to to govern.
When Peron died, took Elizabeth, by which emerged in 1976 a new coup, and so begins a terrible time for Argentines to terrorism, repression, disappearances and torture.
The British shipbuilding industry has exerted powerful influence on decision making in their country. Do not forget that for nearly two centuries was the largest fleet in the world. British shipyards were able to "place" in government at many representatives of the sector. In 1982, approaching a major budget cut, reducing the fleet at sea. Many ships which then participate in armed conflict had already been sold to other countries. Therefore, it is not unlikely that the most important shipyards in the UK have had great influence to cause the conflict, seeking to truncate the effect of budget cuts and bring renewed attention to its powerful navy.
Moreover, Great Britain, a member of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization North), had led to major changes in materials to construct their warships, which had not yet been tested in a real conflict. The possibility of a small-scale war were promised a significant test of these new materials and their placement in the global arms market.
But our mistake was:
The Argentine military government assumed that the U.S. allies of our country. That seemed to prove the joint fight against communism and mutual support in operations in Central America. Therefore, the military junta believed, not that the U.S. government put the Argentine side, but that would fulfill the role of arbitrator to a negotiated solution. That is, would not be a confrontation.
This was a huge strategic mistake, as events proved that the choice of alliance with Great Britain was much more powerful than our country. U.S. support for the United Kingdom was crucial to the outcome of the conflict.
But Great Britain because he wanted these territories .. . . As has been noted, the shelf that connects the islands to the Argentine mainland, is one of the potentially richest in the world than in North Sea oil exploitation. There were already numerous reports Soviets, Americans and British ("Shackleton Report"), which heralded the exploitation of this important oil reserves. That is why a forgotten colonial enclave again be relevant to the British crown, and the assumptions made to assert their interests in the South Atlantic.
At the rear of the oil wealth is also affected by the South Atlantic ictícola wealth, given the scarcity of fish in other latitudes.
So to get that support were:
1 - Satellite data of the Argentine positions.
2 - Information "secret" of naval operations conducted jointly by Argentina and U.S. navies, called "United ", which was provided to Britain all movements in submarine warfare and anti-submarine could deploy Argentina, thus neutralizing the our fleet.
3 - Provision of sophisticated weaponry, the most important is the water-air missile called the "SIDEWINDER"with a shot effectiveness of one hundred percent. This forced the Argentine aviators to fly at low altitude to avoid radar detection of England, and was found to be lethal. Many of the bombs dropped by the Argentine pilots failed to explode for this reason, not having enough time for his delay fuze.
A book produced by the Spanish Air Force - neutral in the conflict - "Malvinas witnessed battles, " says that if all deposited by Argentine bombs in the British fleet had exploded, three-quarters of it had been sunk, so the result of the conflict which would have been different.
4 - Political support economic embargo against England and Argentina.
5 - While the Island "Ascension" was under U.S. administration, is actually British property under lease from the U.S. But the ease of use by the English speaks clearly of what was the U.S. ally.
6 - Forgetting the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR), which obliges its signatories to defend each other against the aggression of any extra-continental power.
May 31 to June 14, 1982 - In the last days of May the English landing occurs in the narrow San Carlos. Argentine forces do not attack British forces landing, which could have caused enormous damage to them.
Ensues until June 14 intense combat, where the British take advantage of the static device of Argentine troops, attacking each national position with great numerical superiority, taking advantage of their numerous helicopters and mobile artillery. Over 92 km. mountain land - distance between San Carlos de Puerto Argentino, carry out attacks and retreats with huge casualties on both regular and special troops.
Argentine soldiers, so depreciated in their own country, are known as fierce fighters by himself commander of British land forces, Gen. Julian Thompson, a witness to be revived in his book "No Picnic. " However, the decision of General Menendez political and military Governor of the Islands designated by the Argentine government, not to mobilize reinforcements attacked the positions and focus on Puerto Argentino most about their resistance, it causes each one of the defensive positions facing the enemy alone, until it produces the fall of Port Stanley, on June 14, 1982.
Existed until then many Argentine positions remained intact and with high morale of combat. However, he had to follow orders to deliver the weapons.
The Marine Infantry Battalion No. 5, for example, did not heed orders to surrender and continued fighting until one day after the capitulation, tearing down a helicopter Superhill English.
But the decision was already made, and the majority of Argentine troops were shipped to the mainland towards Argentina.
Conduct of war:
April 2, 1982 - Argentina launches "Operation Rosario", named in honor of the Virgin of Rosario. A joint force of the Navy and landed in the Falklands Argentine Army, commanded by CLTE. Carlos BUSS. Marines and Army surrounded the house of Governor Rex Hunt and I challenge him to surrender. Argentina orders was not producing casualties among the "Royal Marine" (Royal Navy) and the population Kelp, for failing to provide arguments to the British propaganda against Argentina.
So that before the English resistance to surrender immediately, Captain Pedro Edgardo Giacchino forward with some of his men on the governor's house was surrounded by friendly forces, being shot by British bullets.
Giacchino becomes the first hero of the Falklands fallen for his recovery. As a result of this action, enemy forces are convinced that Argentina's decision to recover the Islands is serious, and give up.
Thus, "Operation Rosario" fulfills its mission: to recover Malvinas noninvasively to the enemy, at minimal cost on local strengths, and leaving a small garrison in the Islands.
April 3 to April 30, 1982 - Begin developing the political-diplomatic conflict between the two countries, with marches and counter-proposals in negotiations, threatening to deepen the conflict, while mediation attempt, the British fleet continued across the Atlantic Ocean . Meanwhile, the islands are taking positions the many regiments and battalions Argentina, distributed mainly in East Falkland. Argentina begins troop used to the geography Malvinas almost constant hostility and kelp.
May 1 1982 - produced the first British air attack on the Argentine forces. Facilities are attacked Port Stanley Airport and a small field used as an aerodrome in Darwin, May 2, 1982 - after intense negotiations, for there was the English response to the peace proposal made by Peru, Thatcher and her cabinet decided sink the cruiser ARA General Belgrano, Argentine ship that did not involve military threat to the fleet, as it was over 300 miles of it, returning to the continent and outside the exclusion zone. The naval counter had reversed Argentina, since it is considered unfeasible to the gap between the two armed forces and the imminence of a peaceful outcome to the conflict.
If we consider that the danger of a ship is measured by its firepower, the real target should have been the British aircraft carrier 25 de Mayo ", as its scope is as long as the flying range of fighter planes, and not the cruise Belgrano, which had a range of only 20 km
The English commander of the submarine "Conqueror" makes repeat three times the order to fire its torpedoes, since until that time the orders had not been such.
In the sinking of the Belgrano "323 Argentines die, almost half of all Argentine casualties throughout the conflict (649), constituting a war crime not been committed for military reasons, but purely political, outside the exclusion unilaterally declared by Great Britain.
May 3, 1982 - Argentina's response was immediate. Super-Etendard planes of the Argentina Navy Exocet missiles fired on the British ship "Sheffield", sinking immediately.
May 4 to May 31, 1982 - Heavy fighting aeronavales occur, with terrible results for the British fleet, for their incalculable damage. This is what allows the Argentine government said that "we are winning. " Casualties are the "Atlantic Conveyor", "Sir Tristram," Sir Galahad "," Coventry "," Ardent ", etc, etc., representing huge economic and human damage that convince British forces that war "was not a picnic. " The outcome of this is uncertain. But the English superiority is manifested by the strong support of U.S. , which can reverse the results and ensure the gap for Britain.
WHY I WANT TO TELL YOU THIS? BECAUSE IT IS VERY IMPORTANT IN OUR COUNTRY, TO REMEMBER THOSE YOUNG ARGENTINAN, MOST NO MORE THAN 20 YEARS, WHO FOUGHT FOR THEIR COUNTR
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